Bulge or uplift: Three Sisters phenomenon intriguing, by any name

Early fall in Central Oregon is a splendid time to roam the outdoors – to hunt or fish, to hike or kayak, or to measure a crustal uplift.

Huh? Oh, yeah: the “bulge.” That’s what non-scientists have called the phenomenon revealed earlier this year, west of the South Sister in the Three Sisters Wilderness Area.

As you can read in detail on the Web at http://vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/Volcanoes/Sisters/WestUplift/, U.S. Geological Survey scientists interpret the slight (4 inches is pretty slight in geologic terms) ground uplift and weak gas emissions as evidence that a small amount of magma, or molten rock, may have been intruded deeply into the area. Although small in height, the area of the uplift is wide, covering 9 to 12 miles in diameter.

Recently, scientists from the USGS Cascades Volcano Observatory in Vancouver, Wash., and Central Washington University, working with Willamette and Deschutes national forest staffs, spent five days conducting on-the-ground and aerial surveys of the ground deformation and gas emissions. Dr. William E. Scott, a USGS scientist studying the uplift, also took part in a public meeting in Bend; a second is scheduled Tuesday, Oct. 2 from 7-9 p.m. at the Sisters/Camp Sherman Fire Hall, 301 S. Elm in Sisters.

The bulge was detected using a special process called “radar interferometry,” which employs satellite data to measure minute changes in elevation.

One thing that scientists have stressed is that there is no immediate danger of a volcanic eruption or other hazardous activity from the swelling, or uplift. But that hasn’t stopped the public from guessing and wondering what could be happening, and what will happen in the future.

Then there was the breathless story in the Weekly World News tabloid this summer, headlined: “Giant Bulge in Oregon Full of Gold!” Indeed, a “researcher” from an unknown center in Geneva claimed the bulge could spew a fountain of molten gold 500 feet into the air, creating a new “gold rush” on surrounding properties – as long as you weren’t close enough at the time to be fatally scalded.

Scientists have successful week of work at uplift site

Okay, back to reality. Scientists focused on two main activities during their visit to the area last week. First, a helicopter ferried crews and equipment to spots where crews reworked level lines and benchmarks installed around South Sister in 1985, to provide baselines to assess future ground deformation. They also used leveling gear and Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers to measure the deformation over those 16 years, to try to confirm the uplift measured from satellites between 1996 and 2000.

Also, a helicopter carrying several instruments flew over the uplift area at low altitude, to repeat a gas monitoring survey done in May that measured slightly elevated carbon dioxide readings.

“It went well,” Scott (called “Willie” by his friends) said late last week from his Vancouver office, before hitting the road once again. “It was beautiful – five full days. We got everything done we wanted to get done.” So far, he said, “We don’t have many answers. We’re still reducing it to numbers.”

Weather-wise, the team’s timing was pretty good, too: Rain and cooler temperatures moved into the area shortly after the group finished its work.

Larry Chitwood, the Deschutes National Forest’s geologist for many years, introduced Scott at the Sept. 17 meeting.

“If you’ve been in Central Oregon for very long, you know it’s volcano country,” Chitwood said, with about 600 in the area, including such noteworthy sites as Pilot Butte and Newberry Crater.

Researcher calms fears, gives primer on volcanic mechanics, ash and the rest

Scott began by restating the key: “There’s no reason why anyone should be concerned. It’s not that there’s an eruption that’s imminent.” And then, in jest, he added, “The bulge is not made of gold.” In fact, he said, “We (scientists) don’t call it a bulge. Twenty years ago, Mount St. Helens had a bulge, and it was growing five feet a day.” (Now THAT’s a bulge.)

There have been numerous eruptions of Cascade volcanoes in the last 4,000 years, as the geologic record indicates, including several in the Three Sisters region about 2,000 years ago. The eruptions seem to happen in groupings of activity, then periods of dormancy.

Scott explained how volcanoes work, from the magma down deep to the volcanic gases that escape through small openings called fumaroles and a term Northwesterners learned two decades ago: pyroclastic flows, high-speed avalanches of hot ash, rock fragments and gas that can move down a volcano’s slopes during explosive eruptions at up to 150 mph, with temperatures as hot as 1,500 degrees.

While most of that happens in wilderness or very remote areas, not so the mud or debris flows called lahars, which can rush down valleys and riverbeds at 20 to 40 mph for distances of more than 50 miles. The powerful flows that can rip up and carry trees, houses and huge boulders have been one of the deadliest volcano hazards, carrying so much rock debris that they appear to be fast-moving rivers of wet concrete.

Scott then focused his comments on the volcanic ash that can fall many miles from a volcano, depending on how the wind blows. “Heavier ash fall can collapse roofs,” he said, adding that Central Oregon roofs probably would fare well in all but the heaviest ash fall, since they are engineered to handle a few feet of heavy, wet snow.

“Bend has been subjected to relatively massive eruptions in the past,” Scott said, with debris from pyroclastic flows 20 to 25 feet in depth. Even a “very small ash fall, a few inches” could clog gutters and eaves, not to mention the affect on vehicles and electrical equipment. “Seldom life-threatening, always a nuisance,” he said.

Scientists still have much to learn about what’s going on beneath uplift

The researcher also talked about the two kinds of volcanoes: major composite volcanoes, like Mount Rainier and Mount Baker, long-lived, with a wide variety of eruption styles, potentially highly explosive; and mafic volcanoes, which range from small cinder cones to large shild volcanoes like North Sister and Belknap Crater. They have more basaltic magma and are typically short-lived, with typically mild eruptions, and which create lava fields, and of which there are hundreds in Central Oregon.

One of the big questions for scientists is whether the uplift is a process that will create a new mafic volcano, or whether it’s related to the “plumbing” beneath the Middle and South Sisters, which eventually could lead to a more explosive eruption of one of the larger composite volcanoes.

“We have no way of knowing,” Scott said. “We don’t know a lot of details about what it looks like under volcanoes.” But it’s believed that the molten rock (magma) 50 to 60 miles deep pushes up to a depth of five or six miles, creating surface deformation and gas rising to the surface.

The bulge everyone is talking about now was found earlier this year by a scientist working at a USGS observatory in Menlo Park, Calif., comparing two satellite images and looking for changes. The process doesn’t work so well when thick stands of trees or heavy snow cover the ground. But when the changes in depth are given colors, a telltale “bull’s eye” effect can emerge – and it did three miles west of the South Sister, near an old mafic volcano called “the Husband,” much as has been seen in the Aleutians, the Galapagos Islands and Hawaii, Scott said.

In May, the scientists worked with Steve Otoupalik, the wilderness area manager on the McKenzie-Blue River District, on how to bring in monitoring equipment with minimal impact on the area. They installed a seismic monitor and GPS antenna, powered by two small solar panels and tucked in a spot barely visible from any distance. The signal is sent to a receiver at the Pine Marten Lodge on Mount Bachelor, then by phone to the University of Oregon, which processes the signal and puts it on the Internet for scientists to study.

“Lots of things make squiggles” on the seismograph, Scott said, such as rockfalls and high winds. It also can measure small earthquakes that went undetected before, such as the first one, recorded on the south flank of South Sisters on Aug. 21, a whopping 1.8 in magnitude on the Richter scale, and unlikely to be felt even close by. There have been other “tiny events,” Scott said, so it’s clear there’s “not a lot of seismic activity at the moment.”

Scientific work in wilderness area always `a balancing act,’ manager says

Otoupalik said permanent structures and motorized vehicles are prohibited in the 286,000-acre wilderness area.

“It’s a balancing act between what is really needed scientifically and the impact,” he said. “There’s nothing that says the activity can’t take place. It just needs to be sensitive to wilderness issues. … They had some constraints and we had some constraints.”

For example, it was decided that with the amount of material that needed to be brought in for the seismograph and GPS unit, a chopper would be less intrusive than doing so by backpack or on a pack mule. But the mules were used for those needing to head in and take gas readings from more than a dozen sites, using sophisticated gear in very rugged country.

The impacts have been “relatively benign” so far, the wilderness manager said. But if it’s decided that more instruments are needed, there would be a new level of involvement in those decisions – especially if uses needed to be limited, due to hazards to hikers.

The USGS has paid for another photographic pass over the site this fall by an ailing European satellite that’s somewhat hard to steer, Scott said. So by next year, with the added data, a clearer picture of what’s happening should emerge.

In the meantime, Scott said, scientists are working with local officials for emergency and response planning – not of the kind that have prompted school evacuation drills near the slopes of Mount Rainier, but preparation nonetheless.

Scott figures the magma intrusion is probably not over. “It could be an ongoing process, a hydrothermal system process by which volcanoes stay alive,” he said. And it may be happening elsewhere, just be harder to detect in areas always covered by dense forests.

“Our understanding of volcanic systems is pretty primitive, compared to all the questions people would like to have answered,” the USGS researcher said. Which is precisely why they keep at it, and lots of folks pay attention to what they learn.

‘Normal’ never felt so good – or so different – before

The flags are flying at full staff again, and the cartoons are back in the New Yorker.

Two weeks after the horrors of Sept. 11, America seems to be slowly getting back to normal.

The issue of the New Yorker that appeared the first week after the terrorist attacks bore a bleak cover: Solid black, with the twin towers of the vanished World Trade Center silhouetted in a deeper, denser black. And the magazine famous for its witty cartoons published not a single cartoon that week.

This week the cartoons are back. And there are other little signs everywhere that show Americans are resuming normal life again.

Last week, my wife and I spent several days at the Oregon coast. We didn’t watch TV news or listen to the radio – although, as an inveterate news junkie, I couldn’t resist flipping through a newspaper each day.

Our mini-vacation was wonderfully refreshing and restful, simply because everything was so remarkably … ordinary.

Couples walking along the beach.

People flying kites.

Kids playing on swings and building castles in the sand.

Dogs chasing sticks and splashing in the surf.

People smiling and laughing.

Terror and death seemed a million miles and a million years away.

Some things have changed, of course. I discovered that my own way of seeing has changed. I looked at these small signs of normal, everyday life through new eyes. They had become something indescribably rare and precious.

I believe a lot of Americans are seeing through new eyes now. And that’s a healthy thing. Even if the change isn’t permanent – and it probably won’t be – for a while at least, we’ve rediscovered the joy and wonder in the texture of ordinary life and its small, ordinary pleasures.

I’m thankful for that. And I’m thankful that, so far, President Bush is steering a rational and measured course and rejecting the counsels of extremists who scream for the incineration of the entire Muslim populace.

The Bush team is doing exactly what it should be doing: Going after the terrorists selectively, but ruthlessly.

News reports over the weekend indicated an American commando team, joined by units of the British SAS, had gone into Afghanistan in pursuit of Osama bin Laden and his band of thugs.

Meanwhile, law enforcement agencies are rounding up people in the United States and other countries who are suspected of being involved in the Sept. 11 terrorist plot. And we’re freezing the bank accounts of those who underwrite bin Laden’s fanatical war against humanity.

As President Bush has said, the fight against terrorism is going to be a long one, and there’s still a very real possibility that things could get ugly. But, mercifully, America has not yielded to the impulse to strike out blindly in rage and frustration.

I say “mercifully” because if we had yielded to that impulse – if we had indiscriminately slaughtered thousands of men, women and children – it would have been much harder for America to regain its sense of normality.

Americans are not a cruel people. When our blood is hot, we sometimes give in to the urge to do cruel deeds, but when we’ve cooled off we repent them. A wholesale massacre of Afghanis or Pakistanis would have burdened us with guilt and shame for decades.

We hate the terrorists – justifiably so – for killing the innocent. If we do the same, won’t we become what we hate? And then will we not hate ourselves?

Terrorists can bring down our proud towers and kill our people, but they cannot poison the spirit of America. Only we ourselves can do that.

Thank God, we have not. The spirit of America is healthy. You can see it in children playing on the beach, in young and old couples holding hands, in people enjoying a beer and a hot dog at the ball game.

Deeds of evil and hate may disrupt our lives for a time, but life goes on. And it is good.

Fallen Middle Sister hiker improving at Bend hsopital after rescue

A 38-year-old Springfield man had improved to good condition at a Bend hospital Tuesday, three days after he fell about 75 feet down Collier Glacier while hiking the Middle Sister in the Three Sisters Wilderness, prompting a two-helicopter rescue effort.

Thanks to a friend who hiked out for help, Deschutes County Search and Rescue was called out Saturday night for the injured hiker, identified as Pete Acker, said Sgt. Chris Nolte, the rescue unit’s coordinator.

But in a year or so, unless there’s a major change, the Air Force Reserve air rescue unit that lifted the climber off the mountain won’t have that role to play any more. Instead, the 939th Air Rescue Wing out of Portland will transition to an air refueling duty, a move that has officials across the Northwest wondering who else is equipped to step in and fill that role.

An Air Life of Oregon helicopter from Bend carried three mountain rescue members and one paramedic to the Middle Sister around 6 p.m., roughly four hours after the fall. The team found the hiker in a boulder field at the base of the glacier, Nolte said.

After Acker fell and came to rest at the base of the snowfield, a friend hiking with him stabilized Acker, then went for help. He hiked down the mountain to where a cell phone was located, and called 911, which contacted the search and rescue coordinator.

When the rescue team reached the patient, the EMT conducted an assessment of the injuries, Nolte said, and a decision was made to request the 939th Air Rescue Wing, an Air Force Reserve Unit based in Portland, to evacuate the patient from the mountain, since its choppers are equipped with external hoists and can directly remove patients from rugged terrain.

Injured hiker already out of Bend hospital

Acker was flown to St. Charles Medical Center with a broken left arm and left collarbone, said hospital spokesman Todd Sprague. He underwent surgery late Monday for the arm injury, and was upgraded to good condition Tuesday, although he was not yet ready to head home, officials said. (Search and rescue officials had mistakenly said he was released from the hospital early Sunday.)

Nolte said the Air Life chopper made it possible for the search and rescue crew to reach the scene quicker than the 3 ½ hour hike otherwise required into the wilderness area, where motorized vehicles are prohibited.

The 939th’s Sikorsky H-60 Pavehawk can do things that Air Life, as an air transport ambulance, cannot, Nolte said.

“They are a very valuable resource,” he said.

Last December, the Air Force announced that the 939th Rescue Wing at Portland will convert to a KC-135 air refueling wing, starting next summer. The Air Force Reeserve Command “will temporarily maintain a pararescue team presence at Portland for an undetermined time,” the announcement stated. But the 939ths combat search and rescue aircraft, consisting of eight helicopters and five HC-130 planes, will be relocated to an active-duty unit elsewhere in the country.

An Air Force Reserve rescue group at Florida’s Patrick Air Force Base will gain more people to become a wing. Air Force officials said the changes resulted from “mission changes, adjustments for efficiency and implementation of the Expeditionary Aerospace Force concept.”

But Nolte, who previously worked in search and rescue in Clackamas County, recalled how deployment of the 939th (which long-time residents likely recall as the 304th Air Rescue Squadron) to the Middle East during the Gulf War a decade ago “put us in a spot,” in terms of resources.

Air Force unit has done numerous high-profile rescues over the years

Rarely does a month go by, especially during the busy summertime, when there isn’t news of a rescue somewhere in the Northwest involving the 939th Rescue Wing’s crews and helicopters. But Nolte noted that it “isn’t the first time” that the Portland rescue unit has been slated for removal.

“I know this time they (Air Force Reserve officials) are pretty steadfast in their decision,” Nolte said, based in part on 80 other helicopters of various kinds available around Oregon. But the search and rescue leader said it’s unlikely that any have the combination of equipment and trained pararescue crews available through the 939th.

“There’s always hope somebody, somewhere” will prompt a change in direction, Nolte said. Also, the renewed buildup in the wake of the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks could mean the rescue wing will face new duties that change or delay the current plans.

But at least for now, he said, “They are gone. That’s what we have to plan for. There’s very little we can do about it.”

Driver asleep on Century Dr. awakened by deputy, takes off

SUNRIVER – A 24-year-old Bend man, asleep at the wheel of his still-running car in the middle of South Century Drive early Sunday, got a surprise wake-up call – from a Deschutes County sheriff’s deputy.

Actually, it took about two minutes of rapping on the window for the driver to awaken. And when he did, he drove off down the road, prompting a short pursuit that led to the arrest of driver Mario Humberto Felix on charges of attempt to elude, reckless driving and driving under the influence of intoxicants.

Shortly after 3 a.m., the deputy spotted a 1984 tan Datsun Stanza, parked in the eastbound lane of Century Drive, near the General Patch Bridge, said sheriff’s Cpl. Shane Nelson. The deputy approached the car and noticed the engine was running, and the driver asleep at the wheel.

When the driver did awaken, he looked at the deputy through the partly open window, then straight ahead and put the car in drive, swerving as he drove away while the deputy yelled for him to stop. The deputy got in his patrol car, turned on the lights and siren and took off in pursuit the vehicle, which continued eastbound on Century Drive.

Nelson said the deputy reported that Felix was serving out of his lane and onto the gravel shoulder, narrowly missing three road signs and a power pole. It wasn’t a high-speed chase; the deputy said speeds never exceeded 40 mph, and Felix eventually stopped, about a mile down the road.

Asked why he tried to flee, the driver reportedly told deputies he was “just trying to get home.” Sheriff’s deputies, aided by Sunriver police, took Felix into custody without incident, Nelson said. He was booked into the jail, then released to a third party, as he met release criteria, a jail spokeswoman said.

Jim Hill wins early governor’s nod from Democrats at Bend ‘summit’

Perhaps Jim Hill’s serious, even somber message of economic choppy seas struck a resonant chord in these uncertain times. Or maybe he just quietly out-organized, at this early stage, old-fashioned stump-speaker Ted Kulongoski and grassroots specialist Bev Stein.

Whatever the reasons, the former state treasurer got his second pleasant surprise of the weekend Sunday afternoon as the gubernatorial straw ballots were counted and Democrats gathered for the inaugural Oregon Summit gave him the nod by a fairly sizable nod over his two fellow Democrats. As announced by Jim Edmunson, chair of the state Democratic Party, Hill (http://JimHill2002.com) received 120 votes, to Kulongoski’s (http://www.TedforGov.com) 78 and Stein’s (http://www.steinforgov.com) 76.

(His other happy surprise as the weekend began was that his daughter, former KTVZ weatherwoman Jennifer Hill, flew out from North Carolina to support her dad’s campaign, and to see old friends, no doubt.)

The other focus of the weekend’s final gathering was on Secretary of State Bill Bradbury, who is weighing whether to take on Sen. Gordon Smith, R-Ore., in the wake of Gov. John Kitzhaber’s decision not to run for the seat. (He’s also said to be considering his own run for governor.)

Bradbury “gave what sounded to me like an announcement speech, then he didn’t announce,” said Anne Philiben, Deschutes County Democratic Party chairwoman and unsuccessful legislative candidate a year ago. She said the secretary of state didn’t talk about his legislative redistricting plan, now facing Republican legal challenges, but focused on the Legislature’s failure to enact needed changes to the state’s voter system, which Bradbury said came perilously close to the Florida fiasco last November.

Philiben said she doesn’t think Hill gets automatic front-runner status as a result of the Democrats’ straw poll, but acknowledged that the win does give his campaign a boost. Personally, she said she had “really been on Bev (Stein’s) team, until I met Ted Kulongoski,” whom she praised for his wide-ranging government experience.

“He had such a clear vision on how to solve problems,” Philiben said. “He really has solutions.”

State Democrats do their own version of GOP’s Dorchester gathering

For 30-plus years, Oregon Republicans have gathered in Seaside each spring for the Dorchester Conference, a place to rally the troops, take the activists’ pulse on top candidates and see what issues are stirring the most interest.

And now, it appears, the Democrats may have come up with their fall-season counterpart, right here in Central Oregon.

The party’s (http://www.dpo.org) inaugural Oregon Summit may have almost ended before it started, considering the traumatic events of the past few weeks. But as the weekend event got under way Friday night at the Inn of the Seventh Mountain, it was clear that not only did everyone who registered make the trip, but there was standing room only, with more than 350 participants on hand.

Sen. Ron Wyden, D-Ore., couldn’t break away from the Capitol to host the opening reception, and no doubt last week’s suspense-ending announcement by Gov. John Kitzhaber that he would not run against Wyden’s Republican colleague, Sen. Gordon Smith, put a bit of a damper on things.

But thirteen months before Election Day 2002, and eight months before the party’s May primary, the opening night focus was on three stalwart Democrats who already have been working hard for months, giving speeches, shaking hands and raising bucks in hopes of winning the gubernatorial nomination and then, keeping Mahonia Hall (the governor’s home) in Democratic hands.

None of the three really fall into the “fresh face” category, although Stein, a former Portland legislator and Multnomah County chairwoman, is working hard at the grassroots level to overcome her lack of name familiarity outside the state’s biggest city. Kulongoski, who sought the state’s top job against Vic Atiyeh in the mid-’80s, is making his second try for the gubernatorial brass ring, while Hill – who as state treasurer was the first person of color to hold statewide office – wants to become a pioneer at the top of the ticket as well.

Three Republicans also will contest for party’s nomination

One of the three will advance to take on the winner of the GOP primary, which also features three announced gubernatorial candidates – state Labor Commissioner Jack Roberts, Portland lawyer Ron Saxton and Salem lawyer Kevin Mannix.

(And considering the economic hard times just now hitting the state where it really hurts, in the wallet, it could be seen as a nice surprise that a half-dozen people even want the job.)

Even at this early stage of the game, the Democratic trio showed themselves to be anything but cookie-cutter clones of Kitzhaber or any other successful Democratic candidate. Kulongoski seems to have found his voice – literally – with strident, even loud tones as he rails against the party of Bill Sizemore. Stein almost matches Kulongoski in the volume department and stresses her ability to bring people together. Hill doesn’t try outshouting his opponents, speaking in measured, even somber tones about the economic crunch and his experience 20 years ago in helping the state emerge from its last recession.

“Aren’t they good looking?” Edmunson said as the forum began.

Kulongoski: `I didn’t become a Democrat – I was born a Democrat’

Kulongoski began by making, surprisingly, the only reference of the night to the “terrible events of Sept. 11,” which he said had “caused some to question whether we should even be holding this summit.” But he added, “In the end, democracy is our greatest weapon against terrorism.”

“I didn’t learn about the Democratic Party in a book,” said the former legislator, insurance commissioner and attorney general. “I lived its pr9inciples every day of my life. I didn’t become a Democrat – I was born a Democrat!”

“My Democratic Party lends a helping hand to the weak,” he said, and believes “that government is not the enemy. … If our party doesn’t stand up for the working mother who can’t make ends meet, I ask you, who will?”

Kulongoski said Republicans argue it’s time for a GOP governor. “Who are they kidding?” he asked, to cheers. “They tried to give us `governor Denny Smith’ and `governor Bill Sizemore.’” If it’s time for a Republican governor, he said, “I say, it’s time for hell to freeze over.”

He also ticked off some basic issues: “If we focus a laser beam on education … family-wage jobs will follow.” And Kulongoski said he knows “when to compromise and when to dig in my heels.”

Stein left no doubt about her desire as she told the straw-poll balloters, “I want your vote! This is the grassroots, and I come from the grassroots,” having worked for such issues as affordable health care and against discrimination.”

Stein has a vision of Oregonians: `Healthy, wealthy and wise’

She said what surprised people most during her time in the Legislature was “how well I work with Republicans.” Democrats should pick a candidate “who is hopeful and visionary and has a record of getting things done,” Stein said. “I’m a planner, but also a doer.”

“I have a vision for Oregon,” she said. “Oregonians will be healthy, wealthy and wise.” She promised a truly statewide campaign and to visit each and every county. “I show up,” Stein said. “That’s what I have done, and that’s what I will do.” And she drew whoops of support with another goal, of a “Democratically controlled Legislature.”

“I will create the next generation of Democratic Party activists,” she vowed, mentioning in passing that she already has raised over $400,000 for her campaign and has won endorsements from such far-flung backers as the mayors of Halfway, Seaside and Irrigon.

“Some say I’m a longshot,” she said. “We have only elected 12 women governors in the history of the United States. But I have never lost an election, and I don’t intend to start now.”

Hill said Oregon has “come a long ways since the terrible recession in the early `80s. Now, because of a (slowing) economy, those gains are seriously at risk.” Indeed, he learned that legislative leaders are preparing for a special session in coming months, to cut budgets due to revenues falling below projections.

“We are moving deeper and deeper into a recession, and it’s happening much faster “ than expected, Hill said. “We must act quickly and decisively, if we’re going to maintain the quality of life we all enjoy.”

Hill says he `cut his teeth’ in difficult times – and they’re back

Hill, who has an MBA in his background, said his experience would come in handy as governor for the next four turbulent years. “As we move into more difficult times, we need to have proven leadership.”

And Hill said he’s shown that leadership, through creation of such programs as the lottery-funded “Oregon Growth Account,” which has delivered $20 million to emerging and small businesses.

“Yes, I cut my teeth in very, very difficult times,” he said. “This is not a time for rhetoric. It is a time for real action,” on such fronts as a “table energy picture,” in order to be able to recruit business to the state. He also called for a “rainy-day fund” for schools, “so they don’t have to go to taxpayers at a time when things are at their worst,” or suffer when an economic downturn trims state income tax revenues.

“These are very difficult times,” Hill repeated (the kind of remarks that don’t exactly inspire whoops or cheers, as realistic as they may be. “I plan to conduct a positive, issue-oriented campaign that you’ll be proud of.”

The first question, from Edmunson, appeared to almost stump Stein, the first person to answer: What would be their first bill to the Legislature as governor? Stein decided it should be a symbolic one, to get the state involved with “Community Oregon,” an Oregon Business Council program that sends rural residents to urban areas and vice versa, to bridge the gaps and build relationships. Hill said his would be to use tobacco settlement funds to get a prescription drug benefit for seniors. Kulongoski said his likely would be to boost higher education, so more young people stay in Oregon.

Here’s quick takes on their other answers of the night:

How to stimulate job growth: Hill wants a “strong energy policy” and a bigger step toward financial literacy; Kulongoski wants the feds “to look at revenue sharing in a more generous fashion,” and repeated, “if you educate people, the jobs will come”; Stein pointed to workforce development: “Many jobs go wanting because people who could fill them don’t have the skills they need.”

Rural quality of life: “I am one of those who don’t believe there’s “two Oregons,” Kulongoski said, calling for fiber optics and other aid to new technology in rural areas, tu augment timber and agriculture; Stein talked of the state only buying goods from sustainable forests and boosting the rural infrastructure fund, including telecommunications; Hill said, “E-commerce breaks down all the barriers of time and space,” and should be focused upon.

Top environmental issue: Water, said Stein: “We certainly saw that played out in Klamath Falls,” which she called a “textbook need” for more cooperation and stronger watershed councils and soil and water districts; Hill agreed that water is key, and called for a project to stop the deterioration of the Willamette River. “We should conserve water not just when there’s a drought, but all the time,” he said; Kulongoski said, “The most pressing environmental problem the state is going to face is growth. … We have to sit down as Oregonians and decide where do we want to go?”

Education: Hill again promoted a “rainy-day fund,” and said, “We need to get balance and fairness in our tax system”; Kulongoski called for a “more entrepreneurial” school system, to “leverage resources with the private sector. `Good enough’ in higher education is not good enough.” And he said too much pressure is being put on the classroom teacher to solve school’s problems, when “the truth is, it’s an administrative problem. .. I think the pressure belongs at the top end of the system.” Stein called for a continued emphasis on early childhood preparation, to “make sure children can read by the third grade. Young teachers drop out because it’s too tough. We need to mentor and support these teachers.”

Prescription drug costs: Kulongoski broadened the question, pounding on the table and saying, more than once, “This country needs a national health care policy – it’s that simple. A program that provides affordable health care for every single citizen of this country.” Stein also got her dander up: “We’re being taken advantage of by pharmaceutical companies” that are raking in profits and blowing big bucks on ads. “You can go up to Canada and buy Claritin for 71 cents. Down here, its $2.71,” but the maker doesn’t want it sold over the counter. Stein said Northwest states could band together, as ones in the Northeast have, to combine buying power and negotiate with drug companies to get a better deal.” Hill took it a step further, saying all of the nation’s governors should come together, standing up to both the federal government and the drug companies “and say, `We will not take this. We will not allow our citizens to be used this way. See what’s going on in Canada? Why are we having this problem here? Stop it!”

The discussion stayed on a positive tone, even when a questioner asked how each candidate saw they were different from the other guy/gal in the running.

Hill proposes clean-campaign pledge; both foes accept

“I’m a woman,” Stein said to a cheer, adding that “any one of us could do a very good job.” And she said her grassroots campaign will help, since governor’s races are always close and “the Republicans will have an incredible amount of money” to spend. “I don’t have that kind of personal wealth. But I have a lot of friends.”

Hill said the key is that with all the talk of new programs, “How will we pay for them? The economy underlies all … When we face tough times and people are losing their jobs, you are going to need a governor who understands this economy and knows how to squeeze every dollar out of government, and how to (help) the economy get back on its feet.”

To Kulongoski, it’s a combination of three things: experience (“I’ve served in all three branches of government,”) leadership (“It isn’t just about management, it’s about leading”) and vision.

Hill began his final remarks with a pledge: “I will not engage in any dirty campaigning, and I would ask my colleagues to make a similar pledge. We should not come out of this primary damaged.”

Kulongoski agreed wholeheartedly, throwing in a Mark Twain joke before more vowing to expose the Sizemore crowd’s motive and “agenda for what it is: anti-children, anti-working people and anti-Oregon.”

Stein also accepted the clean-campaign pledge (of course), “because this Democratic Party needs to be strong.” She also used her closing remarks to trumpet her “experience running the third-largest government in the state” (Multnomah County) and urged Democrats to avoid cynicism and alienation, in favor of “hope, optimism and a belief that people matter.”

Gov. Kitzhaber authorizes National Guard to protect airports

OREGON MILITARY DEPARTMENT HEADQUARTERS, OREGON NATIONAL GUARD 1776 MILITIA WAY P.O. BOX 14350 SALEM, OREGON 97309-5047

ATTENTION: ASSIGNMENT EDITORS Sept. 28, 2001
For more information contact:
Maj. Jeff Julum
(503) 584-3885
Cell: (503) 551-8323
.
Governor Kitzhaber authorizes National Guard to protect airports

Salem – On Friday, 28 September, Governor John Kitzhaber authorized the National Guard to assist the Federal Aviation Authority (FAA) in protecting Oregon’s airports. Today, National Guard officials met with Port of Portland and FAA officials in Portland to work out the details of this new mission The Oregon National Guard will deploy 48 soldiers and airmen throughout the state. Starting today, seven soldiers and three airmen will work out of the Portland Airport. Additional troops will be trained by the FAA beginning Tuesday next week.

The distribution plan is as follows: 21 personnel at Portland; six personnel each at Redmond, Eugene, and Medford; and three personnel each at Klamath Falls, North Bend, and Pendleton. The duty uniform for the soldiers and airmen will be determined on a case by case basis. The soldiers will not be armed.

The goal of the National Guard deployment is to augment security at the Nation’s commercial airports with a trained and highly visible military presence. National Guard personnel will not replace existing screening personnel. The National Guard will screen and assist local law enforcement officials.

Specific duties will include the following: Monitor and reinforce the pre-existing checkpoint structure and operations; actively provide assistance to screeners and supervisors as necessary; assist in responding to and resolving routine contentious situations, when requested; and assist local law enforcement conducting regular duties at the checkpoint, when requested.

The training will address the following responsibilities:

i. Legal and operational considerations of checkpoint operation;
ii. Courteous and efficient screening;
iii. Safe handling of dangerous or deadly items;
iv. Incident management;
v. Conflict resolution;
vi. Screening techniques and equipment; and
vii. Evaluation of checkpoint operations and provision of recommendations to FAA

Major General Alexander Burgin, the Adjutant General of the Oregon National Guard, stated, “This is no different than anything else we do. We will mobilize troops, train them for the mission, and meet the needs of Oregonians. When we are needed, we’ll be there”.

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Prineville man arrested on sex abuse, rape charges involving teen

A 36-year-old Prineville man who is a registered sex offender has been arrested and taken to Clackamas County to face 11 sex abuse and other charges alleging he engaged in a sexual relationship with a 15-year-old Washington County girl he met as a camp counselor.

Shawn Joseph Perrin was taken into custody Thursday at his Prineville home on seven counts of third-degree sex abuse (Class A misdemeanors), two counts of third-degree sodomy (a Class C felony) and two counts of third degree rape (also a Class C felony). The total bail is $112,5000, said Clackamas County sheriff’s Deputy Angela Blanchard. None of the charges carry mandatory minimum sentences under Measure 11.

Authorities are concerned there may be more victims, possibly in Crook County, where Perrin was a church youth group leader.

Detectives with the Clackamas County Sheriff’s Office major crimes unit arrested Perrin, a registered sex offender since November 1990, and took him to the county jail in Oregon City.

The alleged incidents occurred in the Mount Hood recreational area, beginning last winter. More charges will be referred to Washington, Multnomah, Marion and Hood River counties for similar crimes committed in their jurisdictions, Blanchard said.

The victim reportedly met Perrin at an Awanas Camp held at the Canby Grove Conference Center in the summer of 2000, officials said. Perrin was a camp counselor and utilized e-mail to stay in contact with her, they said. The victim’s parents became aware of and concerned about the relationship, and recently contacted the Washington County Sheriff’s Office to investigate.

Suspect was involved in program at Prineville Baptist church

Blanchard said investigators are concerned there may be more victims that Perrin has targeted. He had been involved with youth activities at the First Baptist Church in Prineville, where he’s run the Awanas program, which the deputy said has allowed him to have contact with youth throughout the Northwest.

The multi-agency investigation also involves the Oregon State Police, Crook County Sheriff’s Office and Prineville police. Investigators are asking that anyone with information or dealings with Perrin to contact Clackamas County sheriff’s Det. Randy Harris at (503) 655-8218.

State plans 9-11 public safety memorial Oct. 13 in Salem

Date: September 28, 2001 Contact Person: Sally Gilpin
Oregon Office of State Fire Marshal
(503) 373-1540 x266

Tim Birr
Tualatin Valley Fire & Rescue
(503) 642-0339

STATE 9-1-1 PUBLIC SAFETY MEMORIAL PLANNED

Victims of the 9-11 terrorist attack on the World Trade Center will be honored and remembered at a memorial service being planned by a coalition of Oregon public safety agencies and organizations. The event will take place in front of the State Capitol in Salem at 2 p.m. on Saturday, October 13, and will provide an opportunity for Oregon firefighters, police officers, emergency medical, and military personnel to join together in expressing their respect for those counterparts who lost their lives or are missing following the tragic events of September 11.
While many Oregon communities have conducted vigils, memorials, and other commemorations in recent weeks, there has been continuing interest in a statewide memorial having a public safety focus. Event organizers are issuing a special invitation to those Oregonians who have personal connections to the tragedy, such as those who have friends or relatives among the dead or missing, or retired members of New York City\’s police and fire departments now living in Oregon. Members of the general public are also welcome to attend.
Planning for the event is being done by a coalition representing the entire public safety community, including labor and management associations in both law enforcement and the fire service. The Oregon Office of State Fire Marshal has agreed to take on the role of facilitating and coordinating these efforts.
Elements of the service will be typical of those involved in a line-of-duty police or fire funeral, and will include prayer, honor guards, bagpipes, laying of wreaths, and the traditional ringing of a bell. While the event is a memorial, event organizers hope that service will also be a celebration of life and courage, bringing closure for many of those attending, and inspiring people to continued public service in times ahead.

COCC news: nursing program orientation, women\’s health lecture

Sept. 28, 2001 COCC Press Releases

COCC NURSING PROGRAM OFFERS ORIENTATIONS
Central Oregon Community College’s nursing department is offering two
orientation sessions: 9 a.m. on Friday, Oct. 12; and 6 p.m. on Wednesday,
Oct. 17, in Room 226 in the Boyle Education Center on the COCC Bend campus.
The purpose of the meetings is to review the application procedure for
students interested in applying to COCC’s Associate of Applied Science in
Nursing program and to provide general information on careers within the
nursing field.
Currently, COCC’s nursing program admits 36 students each spring to begin
fall-term course work. The admission process allows the nursing students
to begin the program as a cohesive group, provide faculty members more
opportunities for student interaction and offer more continuity within the
program.
For more information, call 383-7214.
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Sept. 28, 2001

COCC VISITING SCHOLAR TO DISCUSS WOMEN\’S HEALTH
Joanna Cain, director of the Oregon Health Sciences University\’s Center
for Women\’s Health, will be in Central Oregon as a 2001 Chandler Visiting
Scholar. The lecture, \”Ethical Issues in Design and Delivery of Health
Care,\” begins at 7:30 p.m. on Monday, Oct. 15, in Hitchcock Auditorium on
the COCC Bend campus. The program is free, a $10 donation is suggested.
\”Modern medicine is often pushing the frontiers of our philosophies about
life and death, what constitutes quality of life, and how to decide
between what\’s good for one vs. what is good for society as a whole,\” said
Cain. \”In this interactive talk, we use examples from gender-based
medicine to engage the audience in thinking about ethical issues in
medical research, education and patient care.\”
Cain is the new chair of obstetrics and gynecology at OHSU. Her goal is
to provide information to women and their caregivers to enhance
understanding of the uniqueness of women’s diseases and their need for
different treatments.
Cain\’s visit is sponsored by OHSU and the Nancy Chandler Visiting Scholar
Program. The Nancy R. Chandler Visiting Scholar Program was established in
1985 by the late wife of Robert W. Chandler, longtime editor of The
Bulletin who died in 1996. The program brings nationally recognized
scholars to Central Oregon for a variety of public appearances and
presentations.
For information or to make a donation, call 383-7292.
Anyone wishing to attend this event who has special needs resulting from
a physical disability should contact Gene Zinkgraf, ADA coordinator, at
least three days in advance of the event. He can be reached at 383-7775 or
through the college’s TT number, 383-7708.
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Sept. 28, 2001

COCC OFFERS CARTOONING CLASS
Central Oregon Community College’s Community Education department is
offering \”Cartooning/Humorous Illustrating\” from 7 to 9 p.m. on four
Mondays beginning Oct. 15 in Room 214 of Metolius Hall on the COCC campus.
Instructor Bill Friday, author of \”The Thin Black Line: Thirty Years of
Cartooning\” and \”24 Steps to Cartooning,\” will help participants develop
their individual style of expression through cartooning and humorous
illustrating. The cost of the class is $20.50 (seniors $16).
For information, or to register, call 383-7270 or e-mail
http://www.cocc.edu/ce .
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Sept. 28, 2001

COCC OFFERS GOLF CLASS
Central Oregon Community College’s Community Education department is
offering a golf class from 5:15 to 6:45 p.m. on Tuesdays and Thursdays for
two weeks beginning Oct. 16 at the Awbrey Glen golf course.
Instructor Ian McLean will teach the fundaments of golf including
putting, chipping, pitching and full swing.
The cost of the class is $63.50. Participants should dress in traditional
golf attire (collared shirt, no jeans) and bring clubs or make
arrangements with Awbrey Glen to borrow clubs.
For information, or to register, call 383-7270 or e-mail
http://www.cocc.edu/ce .
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Sept. 28, 2001

COCC OFFERS CLASS ABOUT LABYRINTHS
Central Oregon Community College’s Community Education department is
offering \”Labyrinths: Past and Present\” from 9:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. on
two Saturdays beginning Oct. 13 in Room 2 of Mazama Gymnasium on the COCC
Bend campus.
Instructor Lorna Cahall will explore the history and mythology of
labyrinths as a remarkable expression of human creativity. Participants
will create a full-sized traditional Chartres eleven-fold labyrinth in the
second session. The cost of the class is $17.50 (seniors $14.13).
For information, or to register, call 383-7270 or e-mail
http://www.cocc.edu/ce .
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Sept. 28, 2001

COCC OFFERS ROCK \’N\’ ROLL CLASS
Central Oregon Community College’s Community Education department is
offering \”Rock \’n\’ Roll Rarities\” from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. on three Saturdays
beginning Oct. 13 in Room 102 of Ponderosa Hall on the COCC campus.
Instructor Randal Hill, a published rock historian, will add perspectives
and trivia to obscure releases by Elvis Presley, Chuck Berry, Little
Richard, Buddy Holly, Beach Boys, Beatles, Rolling Stones and others.
\”Lost\” tracks of blues, rhythm and blues, doowop, rockabilly, teen idols,
girl groups, surf music and Motown will also be included.
The cost of the class is $27 (seniors $20.26).
For information, or to register, call 383-7270 or e-mail
http://www.cocc.edu/ce.
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Bend Metro Park and Rec District receives state awards

News Release Janis Covey
For Immediate Release Marketing Manager
389-7275

Park and Recreation District Receives State Awards

The Bend Metro Park and Recreation District received state-wide recognition at the Oregon Recreation and Parks Association conference held in Seaside September 23-25.
Each year park and recreation professionals, agencies, volunteers and businesses are recognized at the state conference for their contribution to their profession and their local communities. Over the years the Bend Metro Park and Recreation has been the recipient of many of the prestigious state awards.
Bruce Ronning, District Long Range Planning Manager, received the 2001 Professional Honor Award. This is the highest recognition ORPA can bestow and is awarded to a professional ORPA member who, through inspiration, incentive and demonstration of leadership, has made noteworthy contributions over a period of time to the Recreation and Park profession. Candidates must have been active in the field a minimum of 15 years.
Bruce served at the District’s Outdoor Programs Manager for 12 years prior to assuming his current planning position. Prior to his service in Bend Bruce worked for the Eugene Park and Recreation Department. Most notable of Bruce’s many accomplishments is his contribution to the “Benefits of Parks and Recreation” movement. Bruce demonstrates a tireless drive to improve the community and peoples lives through providing opportunities for recreation participation and preservation of parks. Bruce has dedicated his life to making Bend a better place to live.
Bruce Ronning joins Carrie Ward and Wayne Smith as one of three District staff people to receive the Professional Honor Award in the last seven years, demonstrating the high level of respect for the Bend Metro Park and Recreation District throughout the state.

The Kiwanis Club of Bend was awarded the 2001 Voluntary Service Award. This award honors outstanding contributions by a volunteer to parks and recreation through voluntary donation of time and effort over a period of years with initiation of outstanding recreation and park programs at the local and state level.
The Kiwanis Club of Bend has demonstrated long-term and loyal support of our community through partnerships with the Bend Metro Park and Recreation District. Over 70 years ago the Club entered into its first partnership with the City of Bend to provide a park for our community. In 1929 the land that is now Harmon Park was purchased by the Kiwanis Club. Kiwanis members planted trees and built a retaining wall before deeding the land to the City of Bend.
Over the years the Kiwanis Club of Bend has been instrumental in establishing a quality park system. They have provide significant contributions to Marshall play field, Pioneer Park, Columbia Park, Stover park, Kiwanis Park, and the Skate Park. Most recently, the Club contributed $25,000 to augment the development of the new Pageant Park Plaza. Due to their gift, the District was able to build a permanent memorial to the Bend Water Pageant, a historical community event.
In addition to park beautification and acquisition, the Kiwanis club has supported Bend Park and Recreation District programs by making annual contributions to an adaptive Aquatic scholarship fund. The Club is the presenting sponsor of Bend’s famous Pet Parade as well as a vital source of manpower necessary to put on the parade. They have even built picnic tables for District parks! The Bend Metro Park and Recreation District is very fortunate to be associated with this wonderful community service club.